Nova Scotia History
Today we are going to talk about the Nova Scotia History. This is Gerry the Traveling Kilt from Nova Scotia is Amazing. We begin looking at one of Canada’s three Maritime Provinces.
Nova Scotia is beautiful and has no problem showcasing its culture scenery and coastline also has a very personal connection for me. It is the birthplace of both my parents and my children.
It is the only British colony to ever have been given a Latin name, New Scotland. Here are more details about the Nova Scotia History.
Evidence shows that peoples of the “First Nations“ have been in this area for more than 10,000 years. The Mi’ kmaq Nation, native to this region, were hunter / gatherers who lived in a yearly progression of seasonal travel between living in scattered interior winter camps and larger coastal groups during the summer.
The first reported European contact with the Mi’ kmaq was by John Cabot and Jacques Cartier,
In 1497, our old friend John Cabot, who you might remember as Giovanni Caboto, may have been the first European to land in Nova Scotia up at the north end of the province, today is known as Cape Breton but he was by no means the first on the land.
In 1604 Samuel de Champlain and other French colonists established the first permanent European settlement in Canada and the first north of Florida at Port Royal on the Annapolis Basin founding what would become known as Acadia or Acadie, of the five counties of New France.
Over the next 150 years, the borders and the European rulers changed a number of times between the French and the English.
Here are some more facts about the Nova Scotia History:
In 1755, during the French and Indian War, which is part of the Seven Years War, 10,000 Acadia’s were expelled and replaced by eight thousand immigrants, many coming from the British New England colonies.
In 1763, most of Acadia, Cape Breton Island, St. John’s Island which are now Prince Edward Island and New Brunswick became part of Nova Scotia.
In 1769, St. Johns Island became a separate colony. After the war, some Acadian’s were allowed to return and the British made Treaties with the Mi’ kmaq.
American Revolution had a significant impact in the shaping of Nova Scotia with American privateers, legal Pirates, devastating the marine economy by raiding many of the coastal communities.
After the British were defeated its troops helped evacuate approximately 30,000 United Empire Loyalists or American Tories, to settle in Nova Scotia with land grants by the Crown as a compensation. Soon after, Nova Scotia was divided and the present-day province of New Brunswick was created.
Approximately 3,000 of this group were black loyalists.
During the war of 1812, Nova Scotia’s contribution to the war effort was communities either purchasing or building various British privateer ships to lay siege against American vessels.
Perhaps the most dramatic moment of the war for Nova Scotia was in 1813 when the HMS Shannon escorted the captured American frigate USS Chesapeake into Halifax Harbour. The act of losing this ship was the inspiration for the famous United States Naval quote “Don’t give up the ship”.
In 1848, Nova Scotia was the first colony British North America well in the British Empire for that matter to achieve responsible government. But the Nova Scotia History does not stop here.
During the American Civil War, the British Empire including Nova Scotia was declared neutral in the struggle between the North and the South.
As a result, Britain and Nova Scotia continued to trade with both the South and the North.
The Nova Scotia economy boomed. Continue on reading about the Nova Scotia History.
Immediately after the Civil War, the Canadian-British colonies were a little afraid that the new United States might look north for expansion. So pro-Confederation Premier Charles Tupper led Nova Scotia, along with New Brunswick and the province of Canada, which was later divided into the provinces of Quebec and Ontario into Canadian Confederation on July 1st, 1867.
Nova Scotia became a world leader in both building and owning wooden sailing ships. In the second half of the 19th century.
And Halifax, its capital, was the birthplace and home of Samuel Cunard, the British shipping magnate who founded Cunard Shipping Lines.
The ethnic origins of Nova Scotian inhabitants include the Scottish, English, Irish, the original aboriginals, Mi’ kmaq, Germans, African Canadians, and Acadians.
Immigrant diversity continues to grow.
Today’s population is just over 900,000.
Nova Scotia’s traditionally resource-based economy has become more diverse in recent decades.
The fishery was the pillar of the economy since its development as part of the economic New France of the 17th century. However, due to overfishing the industry suffered a sharp decline in the late twentieth century. Mining, especially coal, gypsum, and salt had become a significant sector and since 1991 offshore oil and part of the economy.
In the central part of Nova Scotia, lumber and paper industries are responsible for much the employment opportunities.
Though, only the second smallest province in Canada, Nova Scotia is a recognized exporter. It is the world’s largest exporter of Christmas trees, lobster, gypsum and wild berries. Its export value of fish exceeds one billion dollars and fish products have received by ninety countries around the world.
Temperature wise, Nova Scotia’s a great place to live. Due to the ocean’s moderating effect, it is the warmest province in Canada it is the warmest province in Canada. It is however frequented by coastal fog and the weather can be changeable from day to day.
All in all, it is a great place to live and it is definitely a must-to-see.
I’m also interested what you would like to hear, so if you have any questions or comments please let me know.
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Nova Scotia, Cape Breton & Donald Trump
Nova Scotia, Cape Breton & Donald Trump
In the next video, we are going to take a look at the northern part of Nova Scotia, Cape Breton Island.
Until then, have a fun day.
Image Credit for Post & Video
- Wally Hayes
- Mi’kmaq – The Canadian Encyclopedia
- V. Goade
- Nova Scotia Archives
Video Music Credit
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